Ground-Gas investigation and risk assessment

Ground-Gas investigation and risk assessment

Project Title: Research Institution, Belfast
Client: Local Educational Facility
Project Start date: October 2010
Project End Date: November 2010
Services Provided:

  • Quantitative Risk Assessment for Ground Gas
  • Recommendation for Gas Protection Measures
  • Advice on verification and on-going maintenance

Research Institution, Belfast, Northern Ireland

Detailed Assessment of Ground–Gas Hazards

Ground-Gas Solutions (GGS) was commissioned by a local educational facility in Belfast to carry out spot sampling, high-frequency bulk gas monitoring, trace gas analysis and a ground-gas risk assessment for the a new research centre on part of the Bombardier Estate, Belfast. The site is currently a car park which is part of the Bombardier Aerospace complex. Potential receptors were identified as future site users and buildings.

The Investigation
GGS initially undertook a detailed review of available reporting with respect to ground-gas hazards.

GGS conducted continuous ground-gas and water level monitoring as a specialist element of the site investigation (conducted by others).

The continuous monitoring was completed using GGS’s innovative GasClam® equipment. This device takes high frequency (‘continuous’) readings of methane, carbon dioxide, oxygen and some trace gases along with other environmental parameters, generating a better understanding of the gas regime for interpretation. This information proved to be extremely useful as a more detailed site specific conceptual model was built up and the true gas regime at the site was determined.

Risk Assessment and Conclusions
Site Investigation revealed a significant thickness of organic rich soils at the site. These soils consist of hydraulic fill and estuarine alluvium (sleech) deposits and are the likely sources of hazardous ground-gases, with methane being driven by tidal and pressure changes forming the dominant risk to the proposed development.

Ground-gas monitoring of the site indicated very high concentrations of methane and carbon dioxide.

The assessment identified the requirement for gas protection measures at the site equivalent to Characteristic Situation 3 (CS3) levels of protection. However, the building size and type, foundation solution and slab construction require the need for additional active measures beyond CS3. GGS provided a detailed recommendation on gas protection measures requirements.


Find out more about our continuous ground-gas monitoring services here.